July 4, 1845 - Article 2






Highly Important Intelligence --- President Jones’s Message --- Convening of the Texan Congress --- Unanimous Passage of the Annexation Resolution.


By the arrival yesterday afternoon of the sloop “Cutter” we have received a slip from the Galveston News office announcing that the Texan Congress have accepted the United States’ propositions for Annexation by a unanimous vote.  For this slip, as also for other papers, we are indebted to Mr. McDougal, who came passenger.


Among the passengers by the Cutter, which left Galveston the 26th ult., was a bearer of despatches for Capt. Elliott, the British Charge, who still remains in this city.


The U. S. sloops of war Saratoga and St. Mary’s and brig Porpoise have sailed from Galveston for Pensacola.  The cutter Woodbury was to sail on the 2d inst. For this port.  Report has it that the Princeton sails directly for Washington City, but we see no account of it in any of the journals.


The extra from the News office is so important that we hasten to lay it before our readers entire.  It contains, besides President Jones’s Message, a hurried account of the proceedings of the Texan Congress.  Here is the extra:  ---


We are indebted to Mr. Briggs for the following interesting documents, which we hasten to give our readers.


Verbally we learn from Mr. B. that the propositions for our Independence have been submitted to the Senate.  They are not yet made public, but it is understood that they are highly objectionable and will be promptly rejected.




Executive Department,

Washington, June 16, 1845.


Gentleman of the Senate

        And of the House of Representatives:

I am happy to greet you on this interesting occasion, as the representatives of the people, again assembled in the discharge of your high and important duties.  This call of an extraordinary session of Congress at this early day by the Executive was not made without the most mature deliberation and a due reference to the great crisis which has arisen since your late adjournment, in the affairs of Texas, as well as the almost unanimous expression of public will which took place throughout the country in regard to the same.


The Executive has now the pleasure to transmit to the honorable Congress, for such action as they may deem suitable, the propositions which have been made of the annexation of Texas and its incorporation as a state into that great and kindred confederacy, together with the correspondence between the two Governments which has arisen out of the same.  This correspondence, entering as it does very fully into the views and sentiments of the Governments in question renders it unnecessary for the Executive to add (for the information or consideration of Congress) but little hereto in reference to the proposed measure.



The Executive has much satisfaction in observing --- that no doubt will forcibly arrest the attention of the Congress – that although the terms embraced in the resolutions of the United States Congress may at first have appeared less favorable than was desirable for Texas, that the very liberal and magnanimous views entertained by the President of the United States towards Texas, and the promises made through the Representative of that country in regard to the future advantages to be extended to her if she consent to the proposed union, render those terms much more acceptable than they would otherwise have been.


The state of public opinion, and the great anxiety of the people to act definitely upon the subject of Annexation by a Convention of Deputies, as prescribed in the Resolutions of the United States Congress, induced by Executive to issue his Proclamation on the 5th of May, ult., recommending an election for sixty-one deputies to be held in the several counties throughout the Republic on the 4th of the present month, and to assemble in Convention at the city of Austin on the 4th of July next.  This recommendation has met the sane______ of the citizens of Texas generally, and the deputies in the several counties, so far as head from, having expected the Convention will assemble at the time and _______ fixed upon.  To this Convention the question of annexation and the adoption of a State Constitution will properly belong, and they will determine the ________ question of the nationality of Texas as to them will seem most conducive to the interest, happiness and prosperity of the people whom they will represent.  It is important that the “consent of the existing Government” should be given to their exercising the powers which have been delegated to them, in order to comply with a requirement to that effect in the Resolutions on the subject of Annexation passed by the American Congress.  For this purpose the present extraordinary session of the Congress of the Republic of Texas has been convoked, and to its wisdom, as a coordinate __________________, the Executive now submits the determination of the matter.


The services to be performed by the Convention will be arduous, and will probably engage it for a consideration period of time; and the Executive would respectfully recommend to Congress the propriety of making _______________ appointment for the payment of its members, as well as the officers it may find occasion to employ.


The Executive has the pleasure, in addition to presenting Congress the propositions concerning Annexation, to inform them that certain conditions preliminary to a treaty of peace upon the basis of a recognition of the Independence of Texas by Mexico, were signed by the part of the latter, at the city of Mexico, on the ______ of May last, and were transmitted to this Government on the 21 inst., by the Baron Alley de Cyprey, Minister Plenipotentiary of his Majesty the King of the French, at that court, by the hands of Capt. Elliott, _________ Britannie Majesty’s Charge d’ Affaires near this government.  In consequence of the signing of these ______climinaries, the Executive believed it to be his duty, ____________ the recess of Congress, to make the fact known to the people of Texas, and to declare and proclaim a ______ssation of hostilities between Texas and Mexico, under the same could be communicated to and acted upon by Congress and the Convention about to assemble.  A proclamation for this purpose was consequently issued on the 4th inst., a copy of which is herewith transmitted.  The preliminaries being in the nature of a treaty, _______ with all the correspondence in relation thereto, _______ forthwith communicated to the honorable Senate by its constitutional advice and such action as in its wisdom the same shall seem to require.


The alternative of Annexation or Independence will thus be placed before the people of Texas, and their ________ sovereign and unbiased voice will determine the _______ important issue; and so far as it shall depend upon the Executive to act, he will give immediate and full __________ to the expression of their will.


His situation in regard to the important subject now communicated to Congress has, since their late adjournment, been one of great delicacy and embarrassment.  Questions of much difficulty have been presented for his determination, upon which the fate and __________ of the country depended, and without precedent or constitutional guide for his governance, he has been obliged to assume, in consequence, great and severe responsibilities.  He trusts, however, that Congress will approve the course he has adopted and by ____________ enlightened counsels relieve and direct him in the course hereafter to be pursued in relation to those questions.



The Executive is happy to announce to Congress, that Texas is at peace with the world; that with all foreign nations, with whom we have had intercourse, friendly relations are maintained.  The different tribes of Indians on our borders, with whom treaties exist, have continued to observe the same with good faith; and within the last few days information has been received, that the only band of Camanches within our limits, who had maintained until then a hostile attitude towards Texas, have sued for peace, and expressed a wish to be permitted to come to Bexar to celebrate a treaty of friendship, which on the part of this Government has been complied with.


The arrangements made at your regular session, for additional companies of rangers to be mustered into service, have been carried into full effect, and have afforded adequate and very efficient protection to our frontiers.  The receipts into the Treasury have been sufficient to meet the various expenditures of the Government.  A specie currency has been maintained without difficulty, and all the Exchequer Bills which were in circulation at the period of your late adjournment have been redeemed, and withdrawn from circulation, and the Executive is happy to congratulate the Congress and the country upon a state of peace, happiness, and prosperity, never before experienced by Texas, and rarely if ever equalled by so young a nation.


It only remains for the Executive to express an assured confidence in your individual wishes to sustain the best interests of Texas, and the fervent hope that He who holds the destinies of men and nations in his hand may crown your deliberations with his richest blessings.


Anson Jones.





Joint Resolution giving the consent of the existing Government

                         to the Annexation of Texas to the United States.


Whereas, The Government of the United States hath proposed the following terms, guarantees and conditions, on which the people and Territory of the Republic of Texas may be erected into a new State, to be called the State of Texas, and admitted as one of the States of the American Union, to wit:


[Here follows the Resolutions of the United States Congress.]


And Whereas, by said terms, the consent of the existing Government of Texas is required:  Therefore,

Sec. 1.  Be it Resolved, by the Senate and House of Representatives of the Republic of Texas in Congress assembled, That the Government of Texas doth consent that the people and Territory of the Republic of Texas may be erected into a new State, to be called the State of Texas, with a Republican form of Government, to be adopted by the people of said Republic, by deputies in Convention assembled, in order that the same may be admitted as one of the States of the American Union, and said consent is given on the terms, guarantees and conditions set forth in the preamble to this joint resolution.


Sec. 2.  Be it further Resolved, That the Proclamation of the President of the Republic of Texas bearing date May 5, 1845, and the election of deputies to sit in Convention at Austin on the fourth day of July next, for the adoption of a Constitution for the State of Texas, had in accordance therewith, hereby receive the consent of the existing Government of Texas.


Sec. 3.  Be it further Resolved, That the President of Texas is hereby requested immediately to furnish the Government of the United States, through their accredited Minister near this Government, with a copy of this joint resolution; also to furnish the Convention to assemble at Austin on the fourth of July next with a copy of the same, and the same shall take effect from and after its passage.


The above is a copy of the resolutions as they passed the two Houses, and which will, we suppose, receive the sanction of the President.  They passed unanimously.


Tod Robinson.


On the 18th inst., in the Senate, Mr. Greer introduced a joint resolution offering “a nation’s gratitude to Major General Adrew Jackson,” which resolution was unanimously adopted.


On the same day Major Kaufman introduced a bill setting apart a portion of the public land, lying between the Arkansas and Red Rivers, for the payment of the national debt – read first and second time and referred to Committee on State of the Republic.


A resolution was offered by Mr. Greer for altering the time of the annual session of Congress – read first time.


On the same day Mr. Kaufman, as Chairman of the Committee on Foreign Relations, reported the “Joint Resolution giving the consent of the existing Government to the Annexation of Texas to the United States,” which Joint Resolution was passed through its third reading on the next day (19th) – (the rule being suspended on motion of Col. H. L. Kinney)  -- by a unanimous vote of the Senate.


On the 19th, in the Senate, Mr. Greer introduced a joint resolution relative to the introduction of United States troops into Texas – read first time.


Mr. Kaufman’s bill “setting apart land for the payment of the public debt,” &c., was taken up, read a second and third time, and passed.


Mr. Lawrence introduced a resolution for the relief of Post Captain E. W. Moore – read first time.


We are happy to state that Commodore Moore has already been restored to his command.  We are further informed that Congress will probably adjourn on next Wednesday.


We are informed that the propositions from Mexico have been rejected, and that the resolution inviting the United States troops has been adopted.


From the foregoing it will be seen how signally have failed the intrigues and machinations of Elliott, Jones, Saligny & Co. to prevent the Annexation of Texas.  Speaking of Elliott, the Galveston News says that “the people of Texas are under obligations of gratitude to him:  for surely if any one man has done more than another to advance the cause of Annexation, he is the one.”  Complimentary very.


The news of the passage of the Annexation resolutions caused not a little excitement at Galveston.  Salutes were fired and other demonstrations of rejoicing were given.


Jose Antonio Navarro, who was so long confined a prisoner in Mexico, has been elected a delegate to the Convention from Bexar.  Volney E. Howard, formerly of Mississippi, has also been elected from the same county.


Two vessels have arrived at Galveston from Bremen having on board 185 German emigrants.


More trouble is anticipated from the Camanches.  Some of them who have recently been in at Torrey’s Trading House did not receive as many presents as they desired, when the hostile looks and muttered threats of many of the warriors showed that they are yet by no means disposed to bury the hatchet.  The U. S. Dragoons, we have little doubt, will set these savages right.


Mr. Gardener, ex-sheriff of Fayette county, was killed in a duel at La Grande a few days since.


The accounts of the crops in every section of Texas are very flattering.


All appeared to be quiet on the frontiers.


Source:  The Daily Picayune, July 4, 1845.



Corpus Christi Public Libraries © 2003