July 20, 1845




Annexation Ratified --- Death of Vice President K. L. Anderson ---

Incursions and Depredation of the Indians --- General News.


By the arrival of the brig Hope Howes, Capt. B. G. Shaw, from Galveston, yesterday, we are apprised of the glorious and gratifying fact that the question of Annexation has been finally consummated.  Thus, by the honest and unwavering conduct of a free people, have the machinations of traitors at home and enemies abroad been foiled and frustrated.  Honor to the republicans of Texas for the part they have taken in the achievement of the purpose!


We give our worthy correspondent’s letter, which embraces a clear and succinct narration of the proceedings of the Convention up to the latest period at which it were possible to receive Austin news:


Austin, July 7, 1845.

The Convention assembled on the morning of the 4th, and unanimously elected Gen. Rusk to preside over its deliberations.  Ont aking the chair he made a short address, which was well delivered and suitable to the occasion.  A committee of fifteen was soon after appointed, who reported by their chairman, Judge Lipscomb, an ordinance assenting, on behalf of the people of Texas, to the terms of Annexation proposed by the United States Government.  It was adopted with one dissenting voice – but five members absent.  It was engrossed and signed by all the members present.  It is not a little singular that the only dissenting voice was Richard Bache, the father-in-law of your Secretary of the Treasury and brother-in-law of the Vice President.


After the necessary resolutions were passed for the transmission of the ordinance to the United States, a resolution was offered by Col. Love, and unanimously adopted – “That the members wear crape on their left arm for one month, as a testimony of regret for the decease of Gen. Jackson.”  Whatever differences of opinion may exist, as regards his political acts, elsewhere, Texas owes him a debt of gratitude.  To him we are indebted for the privilege of becoming a member of the Great American Union – a measure so important to us, and I hope to you.  The convention then adjourned.  It was a novel celebration of the Liberty Day – to surrender the Independence of our nation, and by the act of the whole people, assent to its incorporation with another, and offer a tribute of respect to the man through whose influence the measure was consummated.


On the 5th we appointed committees on the plan adopted by the Virginia Convention, to report on the various subjects submitted.  It called forth some discussion which was creditable to the speakers – it was the skirmish that precedes more heavy firing.


The delegates to the Convention, for intelligence, integrity and worthy, would rank high in any country.  There is not, perhaps, much of brilliancy, but a great deal of matter-of-fact sense and sound knowledge; and I predict that we shall form and send you a sound and sensible Constitution, free from the worst features of  ultraism.


The terms of Annexation are not, perhaps, such as we had a right to ask; but so anxious are we to free the subject from further agitation in the United States, that no conditions whatever will be annexed to the Constitution differing from the resolutions passed by the United States Congress.


A despatch was received from the United States in the morning, and Major Donelson arrived on the evening of the 5th, having been detained at Washington by serious indisposition.  These despatches relate to the occupation of our frontier y your troops.  They are now on their march – the foot by water to Corpus Christi, on the west bank of the Nueces; the dragoons by land to San Antonio.


The step is taken that will decide Mexico in her policy.  Foreign troops will soon be upon the soil she claims.  Her choice must be a declaration of war; or, if she is wise, negotiation.  She may acquire money by the latter – defeat and disgrace only by the former.  To-day a resolution was passed, requesting the President of the United States, in behalf of the people of Texas, to send troops forthwith to our frontier.  This resolution is a sanction, on the part of the people of Texas, of the movement noted above.



The intrigue of those in power here, which in its commencement was advised by the ex-President, has been dissipated by the power of the people.  The Executive occupies no envied position; -- I am inclined to think he has been victimized by his friend and patron, as well as her Majesty’s Minister.  True to his faith, however, he issued his Proclamation, admitting a state of war and a disputed territory, which if not intended as treason to the country or proceeding from disappointed hopes, was excessively foolish.


Lord Aberdeen has avowed to Dr. Ashebel Smith that her Majesty’s Government will not interfere in the question, so he writes home.  This removes one of the prospects of war; so if you get to loggerheads with John Bull, it must be about Oregon.  Jonathan will fight for whales and lumber, but seems to have but little fancy for it if sugar, cotton or negroes have anything to do with the matter.


This once flourishing village is in a state of entire dilapidation and ruin – the effects of an arbirary exercise of power, without cause and without precedent; and although the author of all this ruin is elected a delegate, he will not take his seat; he cannot – he dare not look upon hundreds which he has in his wantonness ruined!


Gen. Tarrant, a delegate from Fannin, was on a visit to San Antonio.  He, with Mr. Howard, delegate from that place, has for some days been expected. --- Painful apprehensions have arisen for their safety, as many Indians are on the frontier, who have committed several murders lately.


We are entirely exposed to the attacks of Indians and Mexicans – not a soldier or guard, and but few firearms.  So callous have the people of Texas become to danger, that they scarcely ever prepare to repel attack.  On my way here I met a young man, with two young girls, in a buggy, with no protection whatever from attack, almost at the very spot where young Hornsby had been killed two weeks previous by the Indians.  They were in high glee, laughing and talking merrily; -- I could not think that an hour might consign them to death, or a worse fate!


The Hope Howes reports only 40 hours from Galveston to the Balize.  The latest Galveston paper we have is of the 12th inst.  We are indebted to Capt. Shaw and Mr. Nick Boilvin for papers,  &c.


The British brig Persian arrived at Galveston a few days ago from Vera Cruz.  She brought despatches for the Government, and was to return as soon as she heard from Washington.  It was rumored in Galveston that she was there for the purpose of learning the fate of the Mexican propositions to President Jones, and, if they were rejected, that the fleet of Mexico would be down on Galveston without delay!  We hope the Galvestonians will not evacuate their city on the strength of this fearful rumor.


The Hon. K. L. Anderson, Vice President of Texas, died on the 10th inst. At Fanthrop’s, Montgomery county, of fever.  The papers are in mourning for the sad event.


Mr. Edward Bourne, a native of Conventry, England, left his residence on Clear Creek Lake in a boat, on the 3d inst., and is supposed to have been drowned on the 4th.


Ashbel Smith has been recalled from England.  Speaking of this, the Galveston News of the 12th says – “We should like to know what he went for, what he has done, how much money he has pocketed, when he is going again, or what plan will next be fallen upon to disburse our public funds.”


The following appointments have been made by the President:

Hon. Ebenezer Allen, Secretary of State.

Hon. W. B. Ochiltree, Attorney General.

Hon. J. A. Greer, Secretary of the Treasury.


The reports of the crops throughout the country are highly favorable; Galveston and the other cities and town continue health; emigrants are fast pressing into the country from the adjoining States of the Union; and the prospects of Texas, view them through what phase we will, are prosperous and encouraging.


Source:  The Daily Picayune, July 20, 1845.



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